Q: How do you determine the appropriate size of light fixture to choose for over a table?
It has been suggested that you add the length and width dimensions of the room together in order to determine the proper diameter of the fixture to be placed in that room. For example, if the dining room measures 12ft by 14ft, use a fixtures that is approximately 26 inches in diameter. If you don’t feel the fixture suites the table it would hang over, then use the table’s width as the chandelier’s diameter.
Q: How low should I hang a light fixture over a table?
The bottom of the chandelier should not be any lower than 30” from the top of the table and no higher than 36” above the tabletop.
Q: How low should you hang a Foyer Fixture?
The bottom of the fixture should be at least 7 feet from the floor. Therefore, if you have a low ceiling, you may need to install either a semi-flush or ceiling mount fixture. However, if you have a tall ceiling, you may need a 2 to 3 tier chandelier.
Q: When would you need to have a reinforced junction box?
If you are hanging a fixture that weights over 50 pounds. This would apply to a fixture being hung from the ceiling or the wall.
Q: What is a recommended distance to space wall sconces apart in a bathroom?
Sconces on either side of a vanity mirror should be approximately 36 to 40 inches apart from each other to get a proper light spread across the mirror.
Q: What is the appropriate height to install a wall sconce?
The proper height for wall sconce installation is 60” - 66" from the floor and should be spaced approximately 6 to 8 feet apart.
Q: How much light is required in order to properly light a room or area?
Multiply the length times the width of the room, and then multiply that number by 1.5. For example, if the room is 12 ft by 16ft we would multiply 12 X 16 to equal 192. Then multiply 192 X 1.5 and you get 288watts. IF you are using lighting in a high task area, multiply the square footage of the room by 2.5 to get the amount of wattage required instead of 1.5.
Q: How do I know what size fan to purchase ?
You need to choose the right size fan for a room to get optimum comfort and energy savings. If the fan is too small for the room, it will not move enough air to make you feel comfortable. If the fan is too big, it could move too much air. The following is a guideline:
|For Rooms Up To:||Fan Blade Span:|
|100 sq. ft.||30-48"|
|400 sq. ft.||50-54"|
|400 sq. ft. or larger||56"+|
Q: About LED light bulbs and dimmers
You must make sure that if you wish to dim an LED bulb, that the label on the package says that the bulb is “dimmable”. Make sure you select the appropriate dimmer that is capable of dimming low voltage light bulbs such an an ELV or Electronic Low Volt dimmers, also know as trailing edge dimmers.
Q: Connecting LED fixtures using a Driver:
Some LED product, such as under cabinet lighting, puck lighting or step lighting, will be connected using a driver which in an electrical device which hooks up to your line voltage from the home (120v), and converts it to a power level capable of operating low voltage LED products. If you wish to be able to dim your product once you have installed it, you must make sure you have selected a DIMMABLE driver.
Q: What products are covered by the energy efficiency standards for general service incandescent light bulbs? What products are not cover?
The typical general service light bulb is the traditional pear-shaped incandescent light bulb. The requirement covers screw-based light bulbs that operate at 120V and have a luminous flux (visible light output) of 250 to 2600 lumens. However, there are exemptions depending on the shape, wattage and screw base size of the bulb. Ontario’s regulation for general service incandescent lights uses the scope defined in Natural Resources Canada’s (NRCan’s) regulation. For details, please see the definition of ‘general service lamp’ in section 2 of http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-94-651 Examples of exemptions include:
- Reflector lamps
- CFLs, which are required to meet a different set of requirements, and LEDs
- Appliance lamps, coloured lamps, infrared lamps, plant lamps, silver bowl lamp, submersible lamp, explosion resistant lamps
- Bulbs that fit into a candelabra screw-base
Q: Can people still buy traditional general service incandescent light bulbs in Ontario after January 1, 2014?
Beginning January 1, 2014, manufacturers will no longer be producing inefficient 100 watt and 75 watt equivalent incandescent general service light bulbs for sale to retailers in Ontario. Beginning December 31, 2014, manufacturers will no longer be producing inefficient 60 watt and 40 watt equivalent incandescent general service light bulbs for sale to retailers in Ontario. Until stocks are depleted, retailers may continue to sell 100 watt and 75 watt equivalent general service incandescent light bulbs manufactured before January 1, 2014, and 60 watt and 40 watt equivalent general service incandescent light bulbs manufactured before December 31, 2014. Consumers will continue to have a range of options to light their homes and businesses, including LEDs, compact fluorescents (CFLs) and some halogen light bulbs which are more efficient incandescent bulbs. Ontario is committed to phasing out inefficient lighting and encouraging the use of more energy-efficient alternatives, such as LEDs or compact fluorescents. Ontario is putting conservation first. It is our cheapest and cleanest option.
Q: Where can I go to find more details regarding the Ontario Ministry of Energy and Regulations?
Please visit http://www.energy.gov.on.ca for all Ministry of Ontario FAQS.